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Training Level Phase in HapKiDo CKA

【Yu Sool Course】

The course focuses on the opponent’s core, how to lean(destroy) then hitting, kicking, breaking and throwing techniques. ∙ By using a stepping technique and focused striking techniques the opponents center is lost or destroyed, then the opponent`s vital spots or pressure points are struck, kicked, broken and thrown by using various techniques, joint breaking techniques, pressure point techniques and body throwing techniques.

– Ki Wool E Ki (Lean – Body balance destroy) – Seon Sool (First attack technique) – Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab technique) – An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross grab technique) – Yang Soo Chwi Sool (Two handed cross one handed grab technique)- Yang Son Mok Sool (Double handed grab technique)- Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense technique) – Ap Eui Bok Sool (Front cloth grab technique) – Bang Too Sool (Throw defense technique) – Dwi Eui Bok Sool (Rear clothes grab technique) – Bang Jok Sool (Kick defense technique)

– Kyeok Keom Sool (Fighting sword technique) :∙ Beh Ki (8 directional cutting types)

– Jang Bong Sool (Long-stick technique) : ∙ Chi Ki (8 directional hitting types), ∙ Mak Ki (8 directional blocking types)

【Hap Ki Ji Soo Course】

“Hap Ki Sool Beop” By this point there is no distinction between the assist hand and the attack hand. The opponent`s internal breathing and thinking is felt and sensed and taken control of using ki power principles and methods, then joint breaking techniques, pressure point techniques and body throwing techniques.

– Ko Jeong Sool (Fixing techniques) ∙ Son Mok Sool (Handed grab techniques)  ∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques) ∙ Bang Jok Sool (Punch defense techniques) / ∙ Bang Keom Sool (Punch defense techniques) – Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques) – Ap Eui Bok Sool (Front clothes grab techniques) – Dwi Eui Bok Sool (Rear clothes grab techniques) – An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross grab techniques) – Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques) – Bang Jok Sool (Kick defense techniques) – Bang Keom Sool (Knife strike defense techniques) – Seon Sool (First Attack techniques) – E In Chyeo Ri Sool (2 persons controling techniques) ∙ Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques)

– Joong Bong Sool(Middle stick techniques) ∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques) ∙ Seon Sool (First Attack techniques) – Ddi Sool (Rope technique) ∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques) ∙ Bang Jok Sool (Kick defense techniques)

【Hap Ki Yu Sool Course】

After “Hap Ki Keol Ki” comes hitting, breaking, throwing techniques. ∙ Upon contact by the opponent, using “Hap Ki Keol Ki (Ki power-sending technique)” the opponent`s body stiffens and his center is lost, then the opponent`s vital spots and pressure points are struck, kicked, used for breaks or throwing by way of joint-breaking techniques, pressure point techniques, or body throwing techniques.

– Jwa Ki (Seated techniques) : ∙ Yang Son Mok Sool (Double handed grab techniques) ∙ Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques) ∙ An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross grab techniques) ∙ Yang Soo Chwi Sool (Two handed cross one handed grab techniques) – Ip Ki (Standing techniques) : ∙ Yang Son Mok Sool (Double handed grab techniques) ∙ Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques) ∙ An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross grab techniques) ∙ Yang Soo Chwi Sool (Two handed cross one handed grab techniques)

– Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques) – An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross grab techniques) – Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques) – Bang Jok Sool (Kick defense techniques) – Bang Keom Sool (Knife strike defense techniques) – Seon Sool (First attack techniques) – Jwa Sool (Seated techniques) ∙ Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques) ∙ Ap Eui Bok Sool (Front clothes grab techniques) ∙ An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross grab techniques) ∙ Seon Sool (First attack technique – by hand / by leg)

– Dan Bong Sool (Short-stick technique) : ∙ Pal Bang Chi Ki (8 Directional hitting types) ∙ Pal Bang Mak Ki (8 Directional blocking types) – Jang Bong Sool (Long-stick technique) : ∙ Dol Li Ki (Turning / Whirling techniques) – Kyeok Keom Sool (Fighting sword technique) : ∙ Hwal Yong Beh Ki (4 Directional practical application cutting types) ∙ Pal Bang Beh Ki (8 Directional cutting types)

【Hap Ki Sool Course】

While “Hap Ki Keol Ki” includes continuous hitting, breaking, throwing. At this time the assist hand and the attack hands are distinguished. ∙ The opponent`s internal breathing is felt and sensed and taken control of using Ki power principles and methods, then joint-breaking techniques, pressure-point techniques, and/or body-throwing techniques.

– Yeon Haeng Sool (Arresting techniques) – Yeok Sool (Counter breaking techniques) ∙ Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques) ∙ Ap Eui Bok Sool (Front clothes grab techniques) ∙ An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross grab techniques) ∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques) – Kyo Sool (Strangled techniques) ∙ Ip Ki (Standing type) : Both hand front strangle / Both hand front cross strangle / Right hand side head-lock / Right hand front head-lock / Right hand back head-lock. ∙ Wa Ki (Reclining and strangled type) : Both hand front strangle / Both hand front cross strangle / Knife stab defence / restrained by knees on both upper-arms.

– Dan Bong Sool (Short-stick technique) :

∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques)

∙ Bang Jok Sool (Kick defense techniques)

∙ Seon Sool (First attack techniques)

– Kyeok Keom Sool (Fighting sword technique) :

∙ Mak Ki (Blocking techniques)

∙ Kyeok Keom Sool (Keom Dae Keom ; Sword VS Sword techniques)

【Eum Yang Ji Sool Course】

“Hap ki Ji Sool beop” + Using opponent`s negative and positive energy. ∙”Ki”(Thought/Intention), “Sim”(Internal/Mind) and “Che” (Through outer body) become One-all three features comprise one method through joint breaking, pressure point and body throwing techniques.

– Him E Yong Sool (Using the opponent`s power, allowing it to continue on its directed path) :

∙ Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques)

∙ An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross one handed grab techniques)

∙ Yang Soo Chi Sool (Two handed cross one handed grab techniques)

∙ Yang Son Mok Sool (Double handed grab techniques) ∙ Ap Eui Bok Sool (Front clothes grab techniques)

∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques) ∙ Seon Sool (First attack techniques)

– Eum Yang Ji Sool (Redirection of power to a different chosen path) :

∙ Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques)

∙ An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross one handed grab techniques)

∙ Yang Soo Chi Sool (Two handed cross one handed grab techniques)

∙ Yang Son Mok Sool (Double handed grab techniques)

∙ Ap Eui Bok Sool (Front clothes grab techniques)

∙ Dwi Eui Bok Sool (Rear clothes grab technique)

∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques)

∙ Seon Sool (First attack techniques)

∙ Jwa Sool (sit position techniques); One handed grab / Cross one handed grab / Both hand cross one handed grab / Both handed grab.

– Hyeol Do Sool (Pressure Point Techniques)

∙ Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques)

∙ Ap Eui Bok Sool (Front clothes grab techniques)

∙ An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross grab techniques)

∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques)

∙ Seon Sool (First attack techniques)

– E In Chyeo Ri Sool (2 persons controlling techniques)

∙ Han Son Mok Sool (One handed grab techniques)

∙ An Son Mok Sool (One handed cross one handed grab techniques)

∙ Yang Soo Chi Sool (Two handed cross one handed grab techniques)

∙ Ap Eui Bok Sool (Front clothes grab techniques)

∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques)

– Sam In Chyeo Ri Sool (3 persons controlling techniques)

∙ Son Mok (Handed grab) + Eui Bok (Clothes grab)

– Kyeok Keom Sool (Fighting sword technique)

∙ Keom Dae Dan Bong (Sword VS Short stick techniques)

∙ Keom Dae Do Soo (Sword VS Bare-hand techniques)

– Dan Jang Sool (Cane technique)

∙ Ki Bon Chi Ki (8 Direction hitting types)

∙ Bang Kwon Sool (Punch defense techniques)

∙ Bang Jok Sool (Kick defense techniques)

∙ Seon Sool (First attack techniques)

– Jang Sool (Stick (128cm stick) techniques)

∙ Chi Ki (8 Directional hitting types)

∙ Jap At Eul Ddae (Hand grab breaking techniques)

– One handed grab, Cross one handed grab, Two handed cross one handed grab.

∙ Keom Dae Jang (Sword VS Stick techniques)

– Kyeok Pa Sool (Matter break technique)

– Too Keom Sool (Knife-throwing technique)

– Too Seok Sool (Stone-throwing technique)

– Too Boon Sool (Dish-throwing technique)

– Too Sa Sool (Rope-throwing technique)

– Basic Anatomy Theory Education course:

∙ Skeletal system ∙ Nervous system ∙ Musculature

– The Diagnostic Process course:

∙ Diagnostic of Interrogation

∙ Diagnostic of Sight

∙ Diagnostic of Tactile

– Technique of Manual Therapy course:

∙ Cervical fix Technique.

∙ Thoracic fix Technique.

∙ Lumbar fix Technique.

∙ Pelvis fix Technique.

– Clinical Application Process course.

Principles of Hapkido

Hapkido is based on many principles; that is why a properly developed technique needs to take into account these principles, the principles must be constantly remembered and applied properly. In Hapkido there are several principles, which organize the art form, a brief description of each principle will provide a deeper understanding of the nature of this unique martial art form. At CKA, as a professional organization of traditional Hapkido, we teach and utilize these principles in our technique; in the same way it is represented in our emblem.

1. Dynamic Principles: Using by Color Belts

Circle (WON)

It shows the character of circle and centrifugal force, it represents a centrifugal body, symbolizes serenity and perfection, the source of unlimited techniques.

Square (BAG)

It is for destroying the balance of opponents when attacking and defending. It represents centripetal force, the square stands for solidity, the basis of applied control.

Triangle (KAK)

Represents the generation of energy, it represents the attack point and the power of concentration of the attack direction, its meaning the body of concentration, triangle is the most stable physical posture.

2. Physical Principles: Using by Black Belts

Harmony (HWA)

Harmony is the most important element one should achieve in training. This is the principle where you harmonize with the opponent’s intention, thereby leading them to defeat. It is where one unites with the body and mind of the opponent. In order to create harmony, your own mind must be clear and calm and hold no fear or confusion.

After one achieves harmony within oneself, the next requirement is to harmonize with your opponent. As this is accomplished, one will find it quite easy to read the minds of others. After you have mastered that, learning to harmonize with the environment is the next stage. The final task is blending the harmony that one has developed with himself, his opponent, and the environment with that of his techniques.

When your opponent pulls, do not resist, rather utilize their force to defeat them. This is the beginning of the creation of harmony. Your opponent will find it difficult to harm you when you completely agree with their motion.

You can achieve harmony only when your own mind controls every aspect of your body. The secret of harmony lies in the unity of the mind, body and technique, the mind is the most important of the three.

Circle (WON)

In traditional Hapkido, we believe the whole universe is formed in the shape of a circle. Our bodies are a part of this circle and we are surrounded by a circle that marks the boundary of our personal area.

When an opponent invaded this area, the student of Hapkido will block with a circular motion. This motion enables him to flow from one movement to another without interruption, providing and unbroken line of continuous circular strength and universal motion of Ki.

This principle help to redirect a straight-line attack and the force of this attack thereby sets up the opponent to break his force and balance.

Water (RYU)

An attack can have different strengths and velocities. In Hapkido, the Ki is the personal force or internal energy.

When, through training and discipline, we recognize and obtain Ki, it is controlled much in the same manner as that of water from a hose. When our bodies achieve Ki it is like the flow of water. You power can be like the constant dripping of water or it can be like the raging and wild river.

The task is to learn how to use our Ki to block a straight-line attack, redirecting its force with a circular motion.

Once the force has been redirected the potential of an opening for counter attack may exist. Hapkido will teach the student how to control his internal energy trough emotional and physical control. When you redirect the force of an attack it is not always necessary to oppose the attacking force with the same intensity of a blocking force. This is the concept of “Eum and Yang”.

3. Natural principles: Used by Masters

Negative (-) EUM
It represents absorbing the opponent’s body balance, breathing, and thinking when we touch the opponent.

Positive (+) YANG
It represents the explosive power of Ki energy from the hypogastrium when we attack an opponent.

Vital Points

Hyeoldoki – Use of vital points in Hapkido A vital point is a part of the body that when struck with cogency, precision or with the right angle, can cause loss of consciousness, paralysis or even death. In the body there are about 780 vital points, approximately 120 are used in Hapkido. Hyeoldoki is a technique that focuses on the use of channels as opposed to the technique of Kopso which is oriented to the use of the point itself. Hyeoldoki is used to control the flow of energy through vital points and their relation with the application of the technique.

FRONT PART

1. Baek Hwoe
2. Mi Kan
3. Kwan Ja Nol E
4. Yeom Chon
5. Cheon Dol
6. Ko Bang
10. En Joong
11. En Yeong
14. Ki Moon
17. Jang Moon
20. Choong Moon
21. Nae Kwan
22. No Koong
23. Ki Moon
24. Seul Kae Kol
26. Sam Eum Kyo
28. Ham Kok
38. Kok Taek

BACK PART

8. Baek Hwoe
12. Poong Si
29. E Moon
30. Kyeon Jeong
31. Ko Hwang
33. Kyeong Moon
34. Myeon Moon
35. Cheon Jeong
37. Seung San
39. Soo Sam Ri
41. Eun Moon
42. Wi Joong

Meaning of the colors of the belts

(Ingenuity – purity)

“Pure and without knowledge of Hapkido. Like the Tree, the seed must be planted and nourished to develop strong roots”. The student has no knowledge of Hapkido, is a beginner and starts the search for knowledge within art.

(Discovery)

“The seed of the Tree begins to see the light of the sun.” It means the first glare of sunlight on the seed that gives strength with the beginning of a new life, the student begins to understand the basic principles of the Hapkido and provides his first ray of knowledge, allowing the student to open his/her mind.

(Hope – faith)

“The Tree shows its first leaves.” It means the growth of the seed and how it springs from the earth receiving its first ray of sun until it becomes a small plant. A green belt student learns to develop and refine his/her techniques.

(Illusion – love)

“The Tree reaches the sky to new heights.” The plant continues to grow towards the sky in the same way a blue belt student climbs (is encouraged) higher in the row as the plant gets higher. The student is nourished with the additional knowledge of the Art for his/her body and mind and in this way continue to develop. Having passed the middle, the student focuses his energy upwards, toward the Black Belt.

(Idealism)

“The tree is firmly rooted in the earth.” At this point the student has handled the basic techniques and has developed deep roots in the Hapkido.

(Initiation to knowledge)

“The sun is setting. The first phase of growth has been fulfilled.” The student acquires the most detailed knowledge and, as the plant slowly grows toward the Sun, then the red-belt student learns to be more cautious with his knowledge and increasing his physical capacity.The first day (the time period from White Belt to Red) of growth has come to an end.
Physical ability has been developed but lacks control; therefore, mental and physical discipline must now be attained.

(Teacher – Master)

“The tree has reached maturity and has surpassed the darkness, must now begin planting seeds for the Future.” It means the darkness behind the sun, the black belt seeks new knowledge of art and as he/she begins to teach others, he/she begins to plant new seeds. The Color Black is created when all the colors of the solar spectrum have been absorbed in an object. That object has “taken control” of the colors and has retained them.
The student has mastered the GUP (lower grades) of Hapkido. All the knowledge from the ranges of colors have been “absorbed” and surpassed that level of training.

Oath and Treaty of Hapkido

Oath of Hapkido

Unless strictly necessary,
I will respect the symbols of my country,
I will respect the symbols of my school,
I will respect my Master,
my teachers and my colleagues,
to then arrive with empty hands.

I swear that I will learn HAPKIDO
To have a full conscience
I will never use what I have learned

Hapkido Treaty

(When one has mastered one´s body, one´s mind and one´s spirit)
When you have mastered your body, your mind and your spirit,
You will be the most powerful weapon of man’s nature.
But when you learn to give up all that, you will have
Learned something deeper.

Korea’s Sam-Taegeuk Symbol

This symbol represents the philosophy of the Korean people, it is known as “Sam Taegeuk” and is divided into two kinds:

 TAE KUEK

It is represented on the Korean national flag and shows the Eum (-) and the Yang (+) which is the positive and negative representation of man’s energy known as “KI” in the same way represents heaven and earth.

SAM TAEGEUK

The second symbol is composed of three colors, which represent: BLUE – Cheon (the sky), RED – Ji (earth), YELLOW – In (man).

The “Taegeuk” became the primary issue of Eastern philosophy and it represents heaven, the universal, the moon and the sun as well, it symbolizes fertility and a year of abundance due to the harmony of the Uem (-) and The Yang (+).

The two symbols represent the universal, the union between heaven and earth and the complement with man.